River landscape in Brabant / Stroomruggenlandschap in Brabant

In the river area of Brabant six land consolidations  were prepared in the Beersche Overlaat. The Beersche Overlaat is where the Meuse created an extra discharge route in the event of heavy precipitation. This spillway was closed after the Maas was canalized in the 1930s and the dykes along it were reinforced. As a result, an extensive clay basin area (13,000 ha) could be reclaimed between the embankment along the Maas and the sandy grounds in Brabant.

For Benthem, the landscape plans for the six land consolidations had to be part of a single design. He had Nico de Jonge (1920-1997) draw up a Structuurplan for the entire Maaskant area.

The structure plan shows a clear contrast between open and closed areas. At the northern edge of the large open space, the embankment along the Maas was compacted with planting along the roads, as well as in the villages. The same happened at the southern edge where the villages were located on the rim of the sandy grounds. At that time, no farms were built in the basin.

Maaskant-West was the first of the six landscape plans based on the structure plan. The western half is bound by dykes: the Maasdijk in the north, and other dykes along the valley of the Aa and Dieze in the west and south. These dykes, as well as the wheels attached to them and the first roads inside the dykes, were planted. Pollard willows were planted along the Maasdijk and poplars at the Diezedijk. Along the southern dyke, oaks were proposed on the edge of the Brabant sand.

The roads on the embankment along the Meuse were given pollard willows, sometimes underplanted with alder bushes. In addition to the pollard willows, the road that runs on the transition to the basin also had ash trees in the verge. Ashes were projected in the south along the sand into the village centre of Rosmalen.

The roads were not planted between the levee and the sand. Here you will still find the wide open basin of Brabant. Foto tekstbord?

Tekst te lang, te veel soorten bomen, e.d.?

More information on Maaskant-west and Structuurplan Maaskantgebied is available in database TUiN.